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Modern house styles are distinctly different from contemporary styles. They are specific styles created and employed in the 1900s. Much modern architecture was a reaction to the styles that existed before the beginning of the twentieth century. When considering the common styles in this genre, you notice some common threads, like the materials used and a focus on function as much as form. Below are some of these common architectural styles found in modern homes.
Originated in Southern California, this style owes much of its design to elements from the English Arts and Crafts movement. The most noticeable features are a porch covered by a separate roof, decorative beams under gables, wood siding and dormers. Embellishments, like eaves created by the over hanging roof, window boxes and partially panned doors, are other common design elements. When you see a craftsman bungalow, the attention to detail and use of interior space by its boxy design makes it instantly recognizable.
The post-war housing boom of the 1950s saw this style gain in popularity. It was affordable while providing ample room for a growing family. Design features include a gable roof set at a low pitch, attached garages or car ports and the use of bay windows. Over time, the single floor design expanded to include split-level, raised and L-shape ranchers, retaining the small footprint but adding additional space. If you see a house like this the clean horizontal lines and simple floor plan will be evident.
The simplicity of this design is actually a revival of one of the earliest styles employed in American architecture. The desire to return to a simpler time was the impetuous of its resurgence in the early to mid 1900s, and it is still employed in contemporary architecture. The plain exteriors, minimal roof overhangs, dormer windows and multi-pane sash windows are distinguishing features. This style home dots American suburbs and you find them in all parts of the country.
Of all the modern styles, this is the most pronounced departure of all that came before it. Popular in California, there are examples in most parts of America due to their prevalence in many Hollywood films of the 1930s and 1940s. The flat roofs, stucco exteriors and linear design looked nothing like other architecture of the time. Other notable elements of this style are glass-block windows and use of tile and mosaics. You see many of these design elements employed in the time since its inception for commercial applications, but there are still many fine residential examples in most areas.
The house styles of the twentieth century, referred to as modern architectural styles, employ several different looks. Each depended on, and was an outgrowth of, the specific time it came into use. You find many of these design elements in contemporary architecture, owing to their lasting appeal. The rise of eco-friendly building is conducive to their design elements. Small footprints and use of sustainable materials, were hallmarks of all these styles.